We have prepared some helpful information for you below, which is going to help make your vacation all
the more enjoyable. Peru is a facinating country with a rich history and culture, very different to most. For
this reason before exploring the unknown have a read of the information below and travel prepared.
Although it is natural to panic in an emergency situation, it is very important to stay calm and think rationally. You are in a foreign country where English is not the native language. This often adds to the stress and can often cause people to become irate and to think irrationally. It's important to maintain a clear state of mind.Whatever the emergency it is important to identify it first and then act. Never leave your victim in a critical situation, call for help and ask for someone that speaks both English and Spanish to help you. In an emergency situation there is always somebody who will help. Tell the person helping you what hotel you are staying at and get in contact with us. We are there to help always, and will endevour to do our best to assist. Some instances you will require the assistance of your country's Embassy or Consulate which we can call on your behalf as a reference below is a list of helpful phone numbers to contact incase of emergency.
Emergency Hospital in Cuzco
Phone: (+51) 84 240 387
Address: Ave de la Cultura 710. Cuzco, Peru
Phone: (+51) 84 234 724
Address: Antiguo aeropuerto. Cuzco. Peru
Embassy of The United States of America
Embassy of the United States
Avenida La Encalada cdra. 17
Surco, Lima 33, Peru
Telephone: (51-1) 618-2000
Fax: (51-1) 618-2397
Hours of Operation
Monday - Friday
7:30 A.M. - 5:00 P.M.
Closed on American and Peruvian Holidays
Torre Parque Mar (22nd Floor)
Avenida Jose Larco, 1301
Switchboard: (51) (1) 617 3000
Duty Officer (for emergencies outside office hours): (51) (1) 617 3000
Fax: (51) (1) 617 3100
Office hours: GMT: Mon - Thurs: 1300-1800 & 1900-2200 Fri: 1300-1800
Local Time: Mon - Thurs: 0800-1300 & 1400-1700 Fri: 0800-1300
The Austrlian Embassy
Victor Andres Belaunde 147, Via Principal 155
Torre Real Tres, Of. 1301, San Isidro, Lima. Peru
Telephone: (+51) 1 205 4000
Fax: (+51) 1 205 4012
In general for US, European, Australian & New Zealand passport holders DO NOT require a visa to enter Peru. You can stay up to 183 days without needing a Visa, traveling under a Tourist Visa. It is very important that you check your passport, and revise the EXPIRATION DATE. You will need to make sure that your passport has at least 6 months validation before expiring. A passport which has less than 6 months CAN BE REFUSED ENTRY INTO PERU. So it is very important that before you leave or even before you book your trip you have you passport and that everything is within order. If you lose your passport during your trip or it is stolen, the first thing you should do is contact us and also your Embassy in Peru. The sooner you can do this the better. We have listed the numbers of some Countries Embassies above.
On all flights and at all frontiers you will be issued with a Tourist Card (Trajeta de embarque) to enter Peru. Should you wish to extend your visa you can either cross one of the borders of a neighbouring country to Peru and get a new tourist card when you return or go through the Migraciones office in Lima.
Office of Migration Lima
Cnr of Prolongación. Ave & España 734, BREÑA, Lima
1. Nationals of Latvia require a both a Tourist Visa and a Business Visa to enter Peru
2. A Business visa is required for all nationals if the purpose of the visit is business. Any business-related unpaid work can be made on a tourist visa. Upon arrival in Peru, the Business visa holder must register at the Dirección General de Contribuciones for taxation purposes. Business visa holders can remain in Peru for 183 days. If wishing to extend the visit, an application must be lodged with the Dirección General de Migraciones.
Nationals applying for a tourist visa require a bank statement showing a minimum balance of £1,000 and a mini statement taken from a cash machine on the date of application. Nationals applying for a business visa must prove their company is solvent.
If your country of origin is not listed in the table above we recommend you call your local consulates office and ask them what is required.
VISA VALIDATION: 183 Both Tourist and Business Visa
COST: US$30 for both Business and Tourist Visa
VISA VALIDATION: 183 Both Tourist and Business Visa
APPLICATION: for those living in countries requiring a tourist visa or those entering on business should contact there local consulate office.
The best advice we can give you regarding what vaccinations or inoculations you may require is to speak to your local physician or travel health clinic, since every country has different rules and regulations, also contact with your local Consulate or Embassy.
Below are some recommendations:
Yellow Fever Vaccination:
Yellow fever only exists in remote regions of the low jungle in Peru. The Andes provide a natural wall from Yellow fever entering the majority of Peru. There are 44 countries with yellow fever present. It is reccommeded that if you have traveled to any of the following places within the last 6 months that you should get a yellow fever vaccination as the immigration authorities in Peru do have the right to reject you from entering, so to avoid any stress and dissapointment along with medical advice getting this vaccination. The shot should be taken more than 10 days before departure. So especially for those traveling multi countries within South America including Colombia, Brazil, Equador, and Bolivia take special note. Be sure to carry your certified and stamped certificate along with your passport to make for a smooth customs experience.
Below are countries affected by Yellow Fever.
Angola, Benin, Burkina, Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Cape Verde, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Ethiopia, Gabon, The Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Rwanda, São Tomé and Principe, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, Uganda, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador, French Guiana, Guyana, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, Venezuela
Prophylaxis (please consult your physician) is recommended for all areas below 2000 m (6561 ft) except Lima and its vicinity, the coastal areas south of Lima, the highland tourist areas (Cusco, Machu Picchu, and Lake Titicaca), and the departments of Arequipa, Moquegua, Puno, and Tacna. There is malaria risk in Puerto Maldonado. Most cases occur in Loreto. Again it is imporatant to get the advice from a registered professional.
Hepatitis A and B, Typhoid, Yellow Fever, Rabies (For travelers spending a lot of time outdoors, or at high risk for animal bites, or involved in any activities that might bring them into direct contact with bats) Measles, mumps, rubella (MMR) Two doses recommended for all travelers born after 1956, if not previously given, Tetanus-diphtheria with a revaccination every 10 years.
Some useful links:
For US Citizens - http://www.nc.cdc.gov/travel/content/vaccinations.aspx
For Australian Citizens - http://www.smartraveller.gov.au/tips/travelwell.html
For British Citizens - http://www.nhs.uk/Planners/vaccinations/Pages/Travelvaccines.aspx
A big question many people ask is what form of money to use while visiting Peru. Travelers cheques? cash? credit cards? Debit Cards? Whats the exchange rate? How much money should I bring? All important questions indeed, as you worked hard to earn your money, unknowing tourists can often be targets and taken advantage of all over the world, and when it happens to you it feels terrible. We have prepared some information and a few tips below so that when you arrive off your plane you are confident with your money.
Inform your Bank
It's a good idea to inform your bank that you are traveling to South America. You can set a daily withdrawal limit that way if your card does go missing then you have piece of mind. Also it does avoid any sorts of complications with transactions. Banks tends to be a little sceptical about transactions made in South America and can often block them from going through. So to avoid yourself the embaressment of having your card denied, think ahead of time and give your bank a courtesy phone call, and let them know of your upcoming activites. Everyone has their own spending patterns, a daily limit of $500 is a good amount. Allows for the occasional splurge. Having a daily limit is handy to have whilist back home also.
|Peruvian Nuevo Sol||PEN||2.80||US Dollar||USD||1.00|
|British Pound||GBP||0.60||Canadian Dollar||CAD||1.11|
|Australian Dollar||AUD||1.11||Brazilian Real||BRL||2.34|
The National currency of Peru is the Nuevo Sole 'plural' nuevos soles and 'Sole' for short. The name is a return to that of Peru's historic currency, the sole in use from the 19th century to 1985. The Sole in relation to the US Dollar at the moment hovers at around S/. 2.67 soles to US$1. It can vary and can fluctuate (however at the moment very stable) At present the Sole is a strong currency and is creeping up on the Greenback. Having said that apart from keeping some of the currency as a souvenir change your soles back to your currency before you leave Peru. You may not get such a good exchange rate when you get back home. Use our currency calculator and see what todays exchange rate is.
ATM's & Cash Machines
In Spanish 'Cajeros automáticos' (ATMs) are readily found in nearly every city and town in Peru, as well as at major airports and bus terminals. Linked to the international Plus (Visa), Cirrus (Maestro/MasterCard) systems, American Express and other networks. ATMs are the most convenient way of obtaining cash. The exchange rate offered by ATM's are less than you would get at a 'Casa De Cambio' an authorised Money Exchange. Do avoid changing your money at street vendors offering to exchange money, and if you do decide to exchange money with a street vendor make sure he is authorized wearing his identification. When changing money ask them to break the amount up into small bills. s/100 notes in small towns its hard to break and often will refuse your service. Many places accept US dollars, however Peruvians are very meticulous about the bills condition and will not accept tears or ripped bills. ATM's dispense both local currency and US. A tip when using the machines (as many people make the same mistake) the process is a little different, after you collect your money you must wait for your card to return. Many people by natural instinct collect their money and leave to later realize that they left their card in the ATM machine. In this case the card will be eaten by the machine if the card is not collected by the owner within 10 seconds.
Jorge Chavez International is the International airport of Peru located in Lima. It is approximately a 30 minute transfer to the main tourist hub of Lima, Miraflores. With flights flying out of the US - America Airlines have direct flights from Miami, Continental Airlines fly directly from Houston, Delta fly directly from Atlanta, LAN airlines which is Peru's preferred airline fly directly from both Los Angeles and New York.
Flying from the UK - KLM fly directly from Amsterdam, Iberia fly directly from Madrid, Lufthansa fly from Frankfurt then stop over in either Caracas or Sao Paulo (not recommended unless you plan to spend some time in either Brazil or Venezuela. America Airlines, Delta, Continental, and United Airlines or fly to Peru via the US.
Flying from the Australia - Requires some thought on how you would like to travel. The best route in our opinion is to fly with QANTAS - they fly directly from Sydney to Buenos Aires, then onto Lima. Other airlines flying to Peru from Sydney are Aerolineas Argentinas, LAN and United. QANTAS are in the process of also running flights directly to Houston with a stop over then to Lima, to cater for the more and more Australians wishing to travel to South America.
Traveling by land, Peru can be entered via Equador at the Tumbes border, or via Bolivia at Desaguadero and nearby Yunguyo on the shores of Lake Titicaca, and via Chile in the southern tip of Peru in Tacna. Those are the 3 International road borders. Peru can also be crossed by boat through Colombia and Brazil to Iquitos. When planning your flights or travel to Peru it's important to communicate this with us. We are there to help. We encourage you to book your international flights before booking your tour with us. We can by all means organize your international flights for you and give you some guidance and advice.
Lima - Jorge Chavez International
Elmer Faucett Avenue s/n Callao, Apartado 680, Lima 100, Peru
Phone: 517 3100 or 517 3500/ 3502 (customer service)
The history of Peru spans a milennia, like its geography Peru has had a rugged and diverse history. Settled long before the time of the Inca's some 15,200 years ago. The first settlers were hunter and gathers that came across from the Bering Strait from Asia and survived as nomads, living off the land with fruits and vegetables and fishing in its rivers and lakes. They were know as the the Norte Chico civilization, one of the 6th oldest civilizations in the world. Over the next 1500 years Peruvian civilisation developed into a number of organised cultures with the Chavìn and the Sechìn. The Chavìn are best known for their stylised religious iconography, murials, carvings, etchings and the use of psychotropic drugs in religious rituals combined with their religious temples, passage ways and lighting effects in a means to trick followers into believing into a greater being. The Sechin are remembered more for their military hegemony than their cultural achievements.
Over time many tribes and civilizations have risen up, developed and absorbed by the more powerful ones such as the Chavin, Paracas, Lima, Kotosh, Nazca, Moche, Tiwanaku, Lambayeque, Chimu, Chan Chan, and Chincha among others. All leaving their distiguishable litter and belongings behind later for us to discover. The Paracas culture emerged on the southern coast of Peru around 350 BC. know for their fine tapestries and their use of Vicuna. The Paracas Pucara tapestries have been well sort after by the astute art collectors.
Nature played its role in determining the eventual decline of the coastal cultures due to the El Nino and the droughts and floods it brought along with it. This in turn saw the rise of the Andean and highland cultures such as the Carjamarca, Chimor and Chacapoyas cultures who developed relatively advanced techniques of cultivation, craft for gold and silver, pottery, metal work, and tapestry. And then of course along came the Incas.
The Inca Empire was the largest empire in the pre-Colombian America. The capital of the Inca Empire was in Cuzco. The Empire originally arose from the highlands by the early 13th century. Cuzco was the heart of South America an empire bringing together parts of Ecuador, Peru, Bolivia, the northwest of Argentina, the north and north west of Chile and southern Colombia.
The official language of the Incans was Quechua. The Inca referred to their empire as Tawantinsuyu which can be translated as The Four Regions or The Four United Provinces. The Inca leaders encouraged its followers to worship Inti - The Sun God. The Incas considered their king, the Sapa Inca to be the 'Child of the Sun.' Cuzco was know as the royal city and was created to resemble a Cougar. The main royal structure formed what was known as Sacsayhuaman. The Empired administrative, military, and political centre.
In the year 1531 the Spanish along with Francisco Pizarro and his brother arrived to the country they called Peru (an Indo hispanic word derived from forms Biru, Pirú, originating in Panama) the brothers were attracted by the news of a fabulously rich kingdom. Between the years 1524 and 1526 Francisco Pizarro led the Spanish to defeat the Inca Empire. The fall of the empire was a mixture of things eminently coming together at once like the case with all major empires - epidemic diseases such as smallpox swept through the empire, the death of Inca ruler Huyana Capac, which sporned the fall of the political structure and Civil War between Tahualpa and Huáscar. Pizarro took advantage of all this and killed both brothers. The Inca kingdom fell apart and Pizarro for a period maintained the ostensible authority of the Inca. Establishing a stable government took its time and Pizarro eventually was assasinated. Lima was was founded in 1535 which soon became the capital know as the 'City of Kings.' The necessity of consolidating Spanish royal authority over South America led to the creation of Vice Royalty of Peru with authority over most of Spanish ruled South America. Lima grew into a powerful city with with juristiction over most of South America with all precious metals passing through on its ways through Lima onto Panama then finally Seville. With the new Vice Royalties in Rio De La Plata and New Grenada saw the move of the commercial centres to Caracas and Buenos Aires. The Incas were not entirely supressed, and this led to the famous Sierra uprising of Tupac Amaru II in 1780.
Peru won its independance on the 28th July, 1824 with the words "....from this moment on, Peru is free and independant, by the general will of the people and the justice of its cause that God defends. Long live the homeland! Long live freedom! Long live our independance!". The independance fight was led by José de San Martín of Argentina and Simón Bolívar of Venezuela.
Following the independance there were territorial disputes in a short lived attempt to reunite both Peru and Bolivia with the Peru-Bolivia Confederation however severe internal opposition led to its demise. Political stability was only achieved in the 1900's and until the 1930's Peru was run by the Aristocratic Repulic. Meaning all presidents at this time who ruled were from the social elite. After the worldwide crisis of 1929, The Socialist Party of Peru and Anti-Imperialist groups came into prominence. Repression was brutal in the early 1930's with many APRA members executed or imprisoned. Peru was the first South America nation to align with the US and its allies in its fight against the Japanese and the Germans.
By the 1960's Peru fell from being a democracy into militarism. Inspired by the Cuban revolution and its ideology of winning power through guerilla warfare. The RevolutionaryLeftist Movement (Peru) was lauched which inspired other movements such as the Shining Path and the Tupac Amaru Revolutionary Movement causing internal strife and economic turbulance.
When Alan Garcia was sworn into presidency in 1985 it marked 40 years since the exchange of power between 2 diplomatic presidents. The 1980's Alan Garcia's presidency was marred with corruption and mismangement, seeing hyperinflation reach epic levels of 2,200,200% and thereby profoundly destablizing the Peruvian economy. In the 1990's fears of terrorism due to its crippled economy saw Peru turn to a fairly unknown mathematician-turned-politician, Alberto Fujimori, who won the Presidential vote over Conservative and 2010 Nobel Peace winning writer Mario Vargas Llosa. Fujimori implemented drastic measures that caused inflation to drop from 7,650% in 1990 to 139% in 1991. He privatized alot of numerous state owned companies, creation of an investment-friendly climate, and sound management of the economy. Fujimori cracked down on terrorist insurgents putting out the fire of Sendero Luminoso 'Shining Path' by the late 1990's. However by Fujimori's constitutionally questionable third term in June 2000 brought political and economic turmoil. Bribery scandals and llegal activities, including embezzlement and drug trafficking, as well as human rights violations committed, saw Fujimori resign from office and self imposed exile to Japan. Alejandro Toledo defeated Alan Garcia in the 2001 elections to become the next president of Peru. Toledo, one of sixteen children of indigenous Quechua heritage, his father was a bricklayer and mother a fishmonger. To earn money Alejandro would shine shoes, he went on to become a scholar in Economics & Human Resources and Peruvian president. During his five years in power the economy grew at a rapid %6 annually one of the highest in Latin America. In 2006 former president Alan Garcia ran his second term. Obviously learning a few lessons from his first term as Peru has seen a steady incline with its economy while maintaining political stability.
The future does look positive. Peru joins a list of developing nations such as India, China, and Brazil, who have been experiencing steady periods of rapid growth.
Peru is the third largest country in South America second only to Brazil and Argentina with an area of 496,224 square miles (1,285,216 km2), and is bordered by Ecuador, Colombia, Brazil, Bolivia, and Chile. Peru's population is 29 million. The landscape is divided into three geographic regions: costa (coast), sierra (highlands) that comprises of the Andes, and the Selva (jungle) which is an expand of the Amazon rainforrest. Peru's biodiversity contains over 21,000 species of plants and animals. Mount Huascaran is the tallest peak in Peru which is located in the West Andes scaling 6,768 meters above sea level, it is in fine company being part of the longest continental mountain range 'The Andes'.
Peru's coastal region is where %50 of the population live. The countries historic capital Lima is located on the coast, as is the enigmatic Nazca lines further south. The coast of Peru is dry, rugged, and arrid. Desert meets coast. Peru's largest highway the Pan Americana hugs its coastline. The coast is also home to the Ballestas Islands an ecological paradise for many marine species with colonies of Sea Lions, the Chilean Flamingo, Pelicans, Brown Footed Boobies, and the Humbolt Penguin.
Pushing further South and inland we are introduced to the highlands. The Colca Canyon which is twice as deep as the Grand Canyon is circled by its national symbol the Condor which has the largest wingspan of any bird. The Highlands also features the worlds highest and largest lake in South America - Lake Titicaca. It shares the lake with neighbouring country Bolivia. Cameloids such as the Llama, Guanaco, Alpaca, and vicuña graze its green pastures, and hummingbirds create a buzz amongst the lush green cloud forrests.
The vastly dense Peruvian jungle is a region of superlatives, the drainage of glaciers, and run-off from rain and the cloud forest on the eastern Andes to create a huge river system that culminates into the longest and largest river in the world, The Amazon river. Peru's share of the Amazon is considered to be the most unspoiled and best preserved and holds over %70 of the worlds living species. The Peruvian jungle covers more than half of Peru. Containing nearly 40,000 plant species, the Amazon sustains the worlds richest diversity of birds, freshwater fish and butterflies, along with one of the worlds last refuges for Jaguars and pink dolphins. Within it's thousands of tree species you will find sloths, pygmy marmosets, and Goeldi's monkeys. The highly intelligent and colourful scarlet Macaw birds light up the jungle. The vast diversity of Perú abounds in this area.
Peru has a very rich, colourful and unique culture. Peruvians are very proud of their culture and they are very patriotic. Religion and family play a big role in their daily lives. The Spanish Conquistadores had a big influence, with more than %90 of the population being Catholic. Many Peruvians with indigenous roots blend both Catholicism along with their traditional beliefs. You could say another form of religion is their love for Football. Although not as dominent as some of their neighbouring countries, football is very popular and fans do tend to be a little bit more than fanatic. Peru has won the Copa Americana twice and has qualified for the World Cup four times.
Dancing is a preferred past time in Peru, when babies learn to walk they hobble backwards and forwards to the rhythms of Salsa. Peru has their own typical dances which are broken up geographically. Up the Northern coast the typical dance is the 'Marinera' the women wear a long traditional dress resembling its origins of the Spanish Flamenco. The Huayno is a dance from the mountains of Peru with its origins from the Inca and Pre Inca times accompanied with colourful costumes. The Huaylash is another dance from the mountains which demonstrates agricultural tasks. The Diablada is a typical dance from the south of Peru which signifies both evil and good spirits. Dancers with the most rhythm come from the Afro Peruvians "negroides" which was introduced to Peru when the Spanish brought slaves to South America. A Peruvian wooden drum/ box know as the Cajon commands the beat while it is blended with harmonic guitar sounds.
The music in Peru is a amalgamation of sounds and styles drawing on both the Andean and Spanish musical influences. The Native Peruvian music is dominated by both the Charango (a type of madolin) and the zampoña (pipe wind instrument). Afro-Peruano, Chinese and Japanese settlers heavily influenced Peruvian music. Afro-Peruano music is know as Criolla. Some internationally famous Criolla singers are Eva Ayllon, Bartola, Caitro Soto & Susana Baca. Criolla concerts are know as Pena's. Barranco neighbouring Miraflores has some great Pena venues.
Peru's earliest artwork came from the Cupisnique culture, which was concerntrated on the Pacific coast, and the religiously entwined Chavin culture through their use of icons and religious symbolism. A Chavin carving know as the Raimondi Stela originally a placement at a ceremonial complex was sited by Pablo Piscasso and used as inspiration in his art. When the Spanish arrived they to introduced their influences. Sculpture and paiting, strongly influenced by the Sevillian Baroque School. The first Spanish school of art was set up in Cuzco, and as these artists grew in confidence they developed their own styles. Artist Paul Gauguin spent his childhood in Lima and was heavily influenced by his Limeno surrounds.
If you meet a Peruvian, take a taxi, or even talk to a Peruvian for five minutes, it would be rather odd if they did not mention their cuisine in the conversation and if you have tried it. Rather than say "Hello how are you?" Peruvians have adopted and extra sentence "Hello. How are you? What do you think of Peruvian food?" Peruvians are very passionate about their food. For good reason. The potato originates from Peru and if you get bored of one variety, that's ok there are 5000 other varieties to choose from. Due to Peru's varied landscape Peru is considered an important center for the genetic diversity of world crops. Which is evidently present in it's Spanish and indigenous cuisines. Although Guinea Pig is often dipicted as the national dish, it isnt a staple. Ceviche a dish consisting of white uncooked fish, onion, lemon, and spices is the pride of the nation, and is absolutely delicious. Pisco is the national drink used to make the cocktail Pisco Sour. Pisco is so popular in Peru it even gets its own national holiday! Over the last few years Pueruvian cusine has exploded onto the world of gastronomy scene like an atomic bomb. Gaston Acurio a famous Peruvian chef/ entrepreneur who has contributed alot to promoting Peruvian cusine, taking his Peruvian cuisine franchise to the world. Gaston has resturants in Europe, Santiago de Chile, Bogotá, Quito, Caracas, Panamá and Madrid. He is considered a national treasure.
Peru is located in the Southern Hemisphere, its Summer runs from December through till March and winter from June to September. Peru rests just below the Equator and so the change in seasons don't vary drastically. The cold humboldt current that makes it's way up from the South and moderately cools down what would otherwise be a tropical climate. Out of a total 32 different kinds of climate found on earth, Peru has 28, which includes dense rainforest, icy mountains, humid savannas, cold plateaus, hot plateaus and dry forests. Peru's varying climate can be broken down into 3 categories - Coast (Costa), the highlands (Sierra) and the Jungle (Selva).
Costal Peru is usually dry and sunny, with never any rain down pour, but does recieve a bit of mist and fog from April to November. In the summer months up north near the border with Ecuador temperatures soar up to 35°C (95°F) , while in Lima and further down south the summer months are a little milder between 27 - 30°C (80°F)
In the highlands there are two distinct seasons Summer (rainy) and Winter (dry). The rainy season runs from October till March, and the dry season from April till the end of September. The peak tourist season is the months of July and August and at that time of year the weather is clear and spectacular. However it does get cold in the evenings with temperatures often dropping just below freezing. While in the Summer months the temperatures in the evening are milder, with temperatures dropping to 15°C (59°F) at night.
Temperatures in the Peruvian Amazon are generally warm and humid, and share the same seasons as the Highlands with rainy seasons being December through till March. At this time of year there are heavy down pours generally lasting a few hours. While April through till November is the dry season although still a little humid. The average temperature in the Amazon ranges between 29° to 36°C (84°- 97°F ) and in the evenings cooling down to a comfortable 15° and 23°C (59° and 74° F). Keeping in mind however that cool fronts sweeping in from Argentina do happen in the winter months which can push day time highs down to as low as 7° C (44° F), so in these months it is always a good idea to pack some warm clothes just incase.